Crime Library: Criminal Minds and Methods

Frances Creighton & Everett Appelgate


This article was prepared using official police records of the Nassau County Police Department, District Attorney Investigator Reports, Nassau County court records, as well as the references listed below:

Appelgate, Everett. A transcript of an interview with D. A. Martin W. Littleton, Inspector Harold King and Detective Bert Bedell of the Nassau County Police on September 29, 1935

Baden, Michael Dr. (2001) Dead Reckoning. NYC, NY: Simon and Schuster.

Brown, Wenzell (1958) They Died in the Chair. Toronto, CA: Popular Library.

Burton, Anthony. "A Cry From the Chair: Innocent", December 25, 1977. The Daily News.

Chavranski, Nicole. "Arsenic Poisoning Killed Napoleon, New Tests Confirm", Seattle Post-Intelligencer, June 2, 2001

Creighton, Frances. A written statement supplied to Nassau County District Attorney's Office on October 9, 1936.

Creighton, John. A transcript of an interview with District Attorney Martin W. Littleton, Inspector Harold King and Detective Bert Bedell of the Nassau County Police on September 29, 1935.

Duncan, Gerald. "Borgia, Unconscious, Dies With Appelgate", July 17, 1936. The Daily News.

Jones, Ann (1996). Women Who Kill. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.

Jones, Richard Glyn (2002) The Mammoth Book of Women Who Kill. New York, NY: Carroll and Graf Publishers.

King, Harold, Inspector Nassau County Police Department, written summary of the Frances Creighton case, 1936.

New York Post: "Mrs. Creighton and Partner Die", July 18, 1936.

Robinson, Grace. "Mrs. Creighton Confesses, Breaks Under Questioning", January 24, 1936, "Borgia's Fate Nearing Jury; Death Asked", January 24, 1936, "Borgia and Her Paramour Get Chair For Poisoning", January 25, 1936. The Daily News.

New York Times: "Creighton Says Wife is Innocent of Crime", January 21, 1936, "Poisoning is Denied by Mrs. Creighton", January 23, 1936, "Admits Poisoning in Applegate Case", January 24, 1936, "Applegate, Woman Guilty of Murder", January 26, 1936, "Creighton Visits His Doomed Wife", January 26, 1936, 2 "Sentenced to Die in Poison Murder", January 30, 1936, "Mrs, Creighton Loses Plea for New Trial", July 9, 1936, "Mrs. Creighton Gets Special Examination", July 15, 1936, "Mrs. Creighton Found Suffering Hysteria", July 16, 1936, "Mrs. Creighton Dies For Poison Murder", July 17, 1936

Olsen, Raymond E. Detective, Office of Chief of Detectives, Nassau County Police Department, who provided vital historical research and background information on police personnel as well.

Smyth, Frank (1980) Cause of Death. NYC, NY: Van Nostrand, Reinhold Company.

Yonkers Citizen Register: "Woman Admits Aiding Man in Poisoning Wife", October 8, 1935, "Mrs. Creighton Frees Applegate of Complicity", October 9, 1935, "Death is Voted By Jury for Two in Poison Case", January 25, 1936, "Mrs. Creighton's Plea For New Trial Denied", July 8, 1936, "Mrs. Creighton May Be Hauled to Death Chair", July 13, 1936, "Applegate to Die First in Chair Tonight", July 16, 1936, "Mrs. Creighton Carried 'Last Mile' at Prison", July 17, 1936, "Appelgate Buried in Long Island Cemetery", July 20, 1936

The Yonkers Herald: "Mrs. Creighton On Trial Again", July 9, 1923, "Wife Innocent, Creighton Says", July 10, 1923.


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