Crime Library: Criminal Minds and Methods

Coerced False Confessions During Police Interrogations


Chacon, Daniel J. (May 26, 2004). Verdict brings mixed reaction in Escondido. Union-Tribune's

Conti, Richard P. (1999). The psychology of false confessions. The Journal of Credibility Assessment and Witness Psychology; Vol. 2, No. 1, Pp. 13-26.

Hannity, Sean & Colmes, Alan (August 28, 2002). Interview with Barry Scheck and Eddie Joe Lloyd. Fox News Network.

Hansen, Mark. Untrue Confessions.

Humes, Edward (October 28, 2004). Experts say false confessions come from leading questions, young suspects, high-pressure interrogations. Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service.

Lacayo, Richard (April 8, 1991). Confessions that were taboo are now just a technicality. Time Magazine.

LaPeter, Leonora (August 29, 2004). Torture allegations dog ex-police officer. St. Petersburg Times.

Liptak, Adam (April 19, 2004). Study suspects thousands of false convictions. New York Times.

Magid, Laurie (March 2001). Deceptive police interrogation practices: how far is too far? Michigan Law Review.

Mills, Steve (April 1, 2004). Ex-cop's sister accuses Burge. Chicago Tribune. (June 17, 2004). Investigation into allegations against former Commander Jon Burge continues.

Ofshe, Richard & Leo, Richard (January 1, 1998). The consequences of false confessions: deprivations of liberty and miscarriages of justice in the age of psychological interrogation. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.

Painter Jr., John (Fall 2000). Questions Crime Reporters Sometimes Forget to Ask. Nieman Reports. The Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard University. Vol. 54 No. 3.

Purvis, Dara (November 13, 2002). Forced confessions part of a failing justice system. University Wire's Daily Trojan.

Ryan, Harriet (2004). Questions persist in the Stephanie Crowe murder case.

Sauer, Mark & Wilkens, John (May 11, 1999). Haunting questions: The Stephanie Crowe murder case. Union-Tribune's

Schmitt, Ben and Hackney, Suzette (August 26, 2002). DNA evidence leads to release of man convicted 17 years ago. Detroit Free Press.

Smith, Patricia (September 1, 2003). Brenton Butler didn't do it: but he did confess. New York Times Upfront.

Talk of the Nation (December 10, 2002). Concept of false confessions and its relevance in the Central Park jogger case. Neal Conan interview of Professor Saul Kassin.

Tan, Shannon (December 22, 2002). Confessions rarely questioned by courts: Doubt about the truth of admissions could be erased if interrogations were taped, some say. Indianapolis Star.

Tucker, William (October 18, 1985). True confessions: The long road back from Miranda. National Review.

United States District Court; ED Arkansas. Barry Lee Fairchild v. A.L. Lockhart, Director, Arkansas Department of Correction. Case no. PB-C-85-282. September 11, 1987.

Wakefield, Hollinda & Underwager, Ralph (Autumn 1998). Coerced or nonvoluntary confessions. Behavioral Sciences and the Law.

Warden, Rob (2002). False Confessions. Northwestern University School of Law.

Warden, Rob (2003). Fourteen Illinois death sentences predicated on confessions allegedly extracted by torture. Compiled for the Center on Wrongful Convictions, based in Illinois.

Witt, April (June 3, 2001). Allegations of abuse mar murder cases. The Washington Post.

Witt, April (June 4, 2001). No rest for the suspects. The Washington Post.

Witt, April (June 5, 2001). Police bend, suspend rules. The Washington Post.

Witt, April & Schwartzman, Paul (June 7, 2001). Prince George's prosecutor targets questioning; Police must provide interrogation notes. The Washington Post.

The Washington Post (June 10, 2001). Third-degree justice.


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